The Effect of Dimension of Unethical Behaviors in the Supply Chain on the Continuity of Communication with the Moderating Role of Organizational Justice

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 University of Zanjan, Faculty of Human Science Department of Management And Accounting,

2 Master of Human Resource Management, University of Zanjan.

Abstract

Today, organizations are increasingly involved in what they call an ethical dilemma, i.e. situations in which wrongdoing and righteousness must be redefined as the boundary between right and wrong is blurred more than ever. In general, human beings have special ethical characteristics in the individual and personality dimension that shape their thoughts, speech and behavior. The present research is applied in terms of its objective and it is descriptive survey in terms of its methodology. Accordingly, it aims to determine the effect of the dimensions of unethical behaviors in the supply chain on the continuity of communication with the moderating role of organizational justice. The statistical population includes all managers and experts of pharmacies in Zanjan, Iran, i.e. 232 people, and the statistical sample is 145 people, selected using Cochran's formula and simple random sampling method. The required are collected through the standard questionnaire of Kainak et al. (2015). The results of the reliability and validity tests of the questionnaire show that the reliability coefficient (Cronbach's alpha) is equal to 0.813 and the validity rate based on factor analysis (KMO) is above 0.7, confirming its reliability and validity. Descriptive and inferential statistics and structural equations are used to test the research hypotheses using amoss22 software. The results show that unethical behaviors in the supply chain, such as opportunistic, subtle, and deceptive behavior, have a significant effect on the continuity of communication in pharmacies with the moderating role of distributive and procedural justice.

Keywords


Article Title [فارسی]

تاثیر ابعاد رفتارهای غیراخلاقی در زنجیره تأمین در تداوم ارتباطات با نقش تعدیل‌گر عدالت سازمانی

Authors [فارسی]

  • حسین عظیمی 1
  • سیما پری بیگی 2
1 دانشگاه زنجان، دانشکده علوم انسانی-ساختمان علوم اجتماعی، گروه مدیریت و حسابداری
2 کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت منابع انسانی اسلامی، دانشگاه زنجان
Abstract [فارسی]

امروزه، سازمان‌ها به صورت فزاینده‌ای خود را درگیر مسئله‌ای می‌بینند که آن را معمای اخلاقی می‌نامند، یعنی اوضاع و شرایطی که باید یک بار دیگر کارهای خلاف و کارهای درست را تعریف کرد، زیرا مرز بین کارهای درست و خلاف بیش از پیش از بین رفته است. به طور کلی انسان‌ها در بعد فردی و شخصیتی دارای ویژگی‌های خاص اخلاقی هستند که پندار، گفتار و رفتار آن‌ها را شکل می‌دهد. پژوهش کاربردی حاضر با هدف تعیین تاثیر ابعاد رفتارهای غیراخلاقی در زنجیره تأمین در تداوم ارتباطات با نقش تعدیل‌گر عدالت سازمانی به اجرا در آمده و از نظر روش، توصیفی از نوع پیمایشی است. جامعه آماری شامل کلیه مدیران و کارشناسان داروخانه‌های شهر زنجان به تعداد 232 نفر و نمونه آماری 145 نفر که با استفاده از فرمول کوکران و به روش تصادفی ساده انتخاب شده است. داده‌های پژوهش از طریق پرسشنامه استاندارد کایناک و همکاران (2015) که اعتبار و پایایی آن مورد تایید قرار گرفته است، جمع‌آوری شد. نتایج آزمون پایایی و روایی پرسشنامه نشان می‌دهد ضریب پایایی (آلفای کرونباخ) برابر با 0.813 و میزان روایی بر اساس تحلیل عاملی (KMO) نیز بالای 0.7 معنی‌دار بوده و تایید شد. برای آزمون فرضیه‌های پژوهش از آمار توصیفی و استنباطی و معادلات ساختاری از طریق نرم‌افزار amoss22 استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد رفتارهای غیراخلاقی در زنجیره تأمین همچون رفتار فرصت‌‌طلبانه، زیرکانه و فریب‌کارانه با نقش تعدیلگر عدالت توزیعی و رویه‌ای بر تداوم ارتباطات در داروخانه‌ها تاثیر معناداری دارند.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • رفتارهای غیراخلاقی در زنجیره تأمین
  • تداوم ارتباطات
  • عدالت رویه‌ای و توزیعی
  • رفتار زیرکانه
  • فریبکارانه و فرصت‌طلبانه
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