The Effect of Dimension of Unethical Behaviors in the Supply Chain on the Continuity of Communication with the Moderating Role of Organizational Justice

Document Type : Original Article


1 University of Zanjan, Faculty of Human Science Department of Management And Accounting,

2 Master of Human Resource Management, University of Zanjan.


Today, organizations are increasingly involved in what they call an ethical dilemma, i.e. situations in which wrongdoing and righteousness must be redefined as the boundary between right and wrong is blurred more than ever. In general, human beings have special ethical characteristics in the individual and personality dimension that shape their thoughts, speech and behavior. The present research is applied in terms of its objective and it is descriptive survey in terms of its methodology. Accordingly, it aims to determine the effect of the dimensions of unethical behaviors in the supply chain on the continuity of communication with the moderating role of organizational justice. The statistical population includes all managers and experts of pharmacies in Zanjan, Iran, i.e. 232 people, and the statistical sample is 145 people, selected using Cochran's formula and simple random sampling method. The required are collected through the standard questionnaire of Kainak et al. (2015). The results of the reliability and validity tests of the questionnaire show that the reliability coefficient (Cronbach's alpha) is equal to 0.813 and the validity rate based on factor analysis (KMO) is above 0.7, confirming its reliability and validity. Descriptive and inferential statistics and structural equations are used to test the research hypotheses using amoss22 software. The results show that unethical behaviors in the supply chain, such as opportunistic, subtle, and deceptive behavior, have a significant effect on the continuity of communication in pharmacies with the moderating role of distributive and procedural justice.


Article Title [فارسی]

تاثیر ابعاد رفتارهای غیراخلاقی در زنجیره تأمین در تداوم ارتباطات با نقش تعدیل‌گر عدالت سازمانی

Authors [فارسی]

  • حسین عظیمی 1
  • سیما پری بیگی 2
1 دانشگاه زنجان، دانشکده علوم انسانی-ساختمان علوم اجتماعی، گروه مدیریت و حسابداری
2 کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت منابع انسانی اسلامی، دانشگاه زنجان
Abstract [فارسی]

امروزه، سازمان‌ها به صورت فزاینده‌ای خود را درگیر مسئله‌ای می‌بینند که آن را معمای اخلاقی می‌نامند، یعنی اوضاع و شرایطی که باید یک بار دیگر کارهای خلاف و کارهای درست را تعریف کرد، زیرا مرز بین کارهای درست و خلاف بیش از پیش از بین رفته است. به طور کلی انسان‌ها در بعد فردی و شخصیتی دارای ویژگی‌های خاص اخلاقی هستند که پندار، گفتار و رفتار آن‌ها را شکل می‌دهد. پژوهش کاربردی حاضر با هدف تعیین تاثیر ابعاد رفتارهای غیراخلاقی در زنجیره تأمین در تداوم ارتباطات با نقش تعدیل‌گر عدالت سازمانی به اجرا در آمده و از نظر روش، توصیفی از نوع پیمایشی است. جامعه آماری شامل کلیه مدیران و کارشناسان داروخانه‌های شهر زنجان به تعداد 232 نفر و نمونه آماری 145 نفر که با استفاده از فرمول کوکران و به روش تصادفی ساده انتخاب شده است. داده‌های پژوهش از طریق پرسشنامه استاندارد کایناک و همکاران (2015) که اعتبار و پایایی آن مورد تایید قرار گرفته است، جمع‌آوری شد. نتایج آزمون پایایی و روایی پرسشنامه نشان می‌دهد ضریب پایایی (آلفای کرونباخ) برابر با 0.813 و میزان روایی بر اساس تحلیل عاملی (KMO) نیز بالای 0.7 معنی‌دار بوده و تایید شد. برای آزمون فرضیه‌های پژوهش از آمار توصیفی و استنباطی و معادلات ساختاری از طریق نرم‌افزار amoss22 استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد رفتارهای غیراخلاقی در زنجیره تأمین همچون رفتار فرصت‌‌طلبانه، زیرکانه و فریب‌کارانه با نقش تعدیلگر عدالت توزیعی و رویه‌ای بر تداوم ارتباطات در داروخانه‌ها تاثیر معناداری دارند.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • رفتارهای غیراخلاقی در زنجیره تأمین
  • تداوم ارتباطات
  • عدالت رویه‌ای و توزیعی
  • رفتار زیرکانه
  • فریبکارانه و فرصت‌طلبانه
Abbasi, Mansoura; Feizi, Tahereh (2013), "Ethical organization and its impact on the social responsibility of the organization in the headquarters of the Ministry of Agriculture", Quarterly Journal of Organizational Culture Management, No. 2, Volume 11, pp. 33-54. [In Persian]
Alizadeh, Mehdi; Mahmoudpour, Morteza (1397). "The Impact of Effective Organizational Communication on the Implementation of Human Resource Management Architecture with the Mediating Role of Leadership Style", Scientific-Research Quarterly on Resource Management in the Police Force, No. 3, Volume 6, pp. 217-246. [In Persian]
Chang T, Lin H (2008). A study on service employees’ customer-oriented behaviors. Journal of American Academy of Business; (13): 92-98.
Clark-Carter, D., 2010. Quantitative psychological research: the complete student’s companion. Psychology Press, Hove.
Eskandari-Asl, Heshmatullah; Soltani, Iraj; Mohammadi, Yadegar; Abad, Lotfollah (1397). “Investigating the two variables of organizational justice and citizenship behavior on the performance of NAJA employees (Case report: Chaharmahal Bakhtiari police force)”, NAJA Scientific Quarterly of Human Resources, No. 52, Volume 13, pp. 39-60. [In Persian]
Gaertner, S., 1999. Structural determinants of job satisfaction and organizational commitment in turnover models. Hum. Resource Manage. Rev. 9 (4), 479–493.
Ghanbari, Mohammad, Bagheri Baghan, Fariba; Teymourzadeh, Vali (1393). "Relationship between organizational ethics and institutionalization of organizational citizenship behavior", Journal of Management Futurology, No. 100, Volume 25, pp. 115-124. [In Persian]
Hair, J.F., William, B.C., Babin, B.J., Anderson, R.E., 2011. Multivariate Data Analysis, 7th ed. China Machine Press, Beijing.
Heres, L (2010). ETHICAL LEADERSHIP: A VARIFORM UNIVERSAL PHENOMENON. Research group Integrity of Governance. 2010. Islamic work ethic and attitude toward organizational change", Human Relations, Vol.53, No.4, pp.513-537.
Hoveida, Reza; Chupani, Haidar; Khoran, Abdullah; Gholamzadeh, Hojjat (1394). "The role of effective organizational communication and organizational trust in the development and improvement of school organizational innovation", Journal of Initiative and Creativity in the Humanities, No. 2, Volume 5, pp. 117-149. [In Persian]
Irajpour, Alireza (1397). "Investigating the Impact of Internal Communications and Employee Satisfaction on Supply Chain Integration", Tomorrow Management, Year 17. [In Persian]
Kaviani Cherati, Mohammad; Ghodsipour, Seyed Hassan; gheydar khaljani, Jafar (1397). "Competitive Supply Chain Agility Considering Strategic Customer Behavior", Journal of Industrial Engineering Research in Production Systems, Volume 6, Number 12, pp. 33-47. [In Persian]
Lee, K., Allen, N.J., Meyer, J.P., 2001. The three-component model of organisational commitment: an application to South Korea. Appl. Psychol.: Int. Rev. 50 (4), 596–614.
Luo, Z., Marnburg, E., Ogaard, T., Larsen, S., 2013a. Antecedents for employee helping behavior in the hospitality industry. J. China Tourism Res. 9 (4), 395–412.
Mahdieh, Omid; Sangari, Ali Akbar (1387). "Recognizing the causes of unethical behaviors in the workplace", Human Resource Management in the Oil Industry, Second Year, No. 5, pp. 105-79. [In Persian]
Moghimi, Seyed Mohammad; Ghaffari, Rahman (1395). "Ethics in Government: Axiomatizing Ethics in Government Organizations", Public Management Research, No. 33, Volume 9, pp. 35-59. [In Persian]
Moradi, Amir; Ashouri, Mohammad; Mehroya Sabet, Mohammad Ali; Mehra, Nasrin (1399). "The ethics of restorative justice and its role in establishing social security", Journal of Law Enforcement and Security, No. 4, Volume 52, pp. 205-228. [In Persian]
Nasiri al-Walikbani, Fakhr al-Sadat (1396). "Study of the relationship between managers' power sources with organizational trust and the effectiveness of organizational communication", Public Management Perspectives, No. 30, pp. 75-96. [In Persian]
Rahimonia, Fariborz; Hajizadeh, Azita; Mohammadi, Mohammad (1398). "Study of the mediating role of perceived organizational justice due to exchange relations on social evasion", Public Management Research, Volume 12, Number 46, pp. 123-148. [In Persian]
Ramazan Kaynak, Tuba Sert, Gurkan Set , Bulent Akyuz. (2015) Supply chain unethical behaviors and continuity of relationship: Using the PLS approach for testing moderation effects of inter-organizational justice, Int. J. Production Economics, 162, 83-91.
Sadeghi, Afsaneh; Imranzadeh, Ismail (1399). "Monitoring the role of organizational justice on the productivity of employees of Tejarat Bank branches", Quarterly Journal of Management of Government Organizations, No. 8, Volume 4, pp. 159-168. [In Persian]
Shirkhodai, Meysam; Khodadad Hosseini, Seyed Hamid; Mosaybi, Alireza; Khoram, Jalal (1393). "Study of the effect of organizational learning on the quality of strategy in the green supply chain by explaining the role of relationalism", Journal of Executive Management, Volume 6, Number 12, pp. 37-64. [In Persian]
Sparrowe, R.T., Liden, R.C., 1997. Process and structure in leader–member exchange. Acad. Manage. Rev. 22, 522–552.
Yilmaz, E (2010). The analysis of organizational creativity in schools regarding principal’s ethical leadership characteristics, Procedia social and behavioral sciences, 2 (2): 3949-3953.