Interpreting Hobbes’s Moral Theory: Rightness, Goodness, Virtue, and Responsibility

Document Type : Original Article

Author

Professor of Philosophy, University of Southern California, USA.

Abstract

The paper argues that the moral philosophy of Thomas Hobbes is unified by a complex conception of reason that imposes consistency norms of both rationality and reasonableness.  Hobbes’s conceptions of rightness as reciprocity, and moral goodness as sociability belong to an original and attractive moral theory that is neither teleological nor classically deontological, nor as interpreters have variously argued, subjectivist, contractarian, egoist, or dependent on divine command.

Keywords


Article Title [فارسی]

تبیین نظریه اخلاقی هابز: درستی، خوبی، فضیلت و مسئولیت

Author [فارسی]

  • شرون آن لوید
استادفلسفه، دانشگاه کالیفرنیای جنوبی، آمریکا
Abstract [فارسی]

در این مقاله استدلال شده است که فلسفه اخلاق توماس هابز به وسیلة مفهوم پیچیده­ای از عقل که سازگاری قواعد عقلی و قابلیت تعقل را ایجاد می­کند، به هم پیوسته شده است. تعاریف هابز از درستی به مقابله به مثل، و از خوبی اخلاقی به جامعه پذیری، متعلق به یک نظریه اصیل و جذاب است که نه غایت­گرایانه است و نه وظیفه­گرایانه سنتی؛ و نه آنگونه که شارحان مختلف او را به ذهنیت­گرا، قراردادگرا، خودگرا یا طرفدار نظریه امر الهی تفسیر کرده­اند.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • توماس هابز
  • درستی
  • مقابله به مثل
  • خوبی اخلاقی
  • جامعه پذیری
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